It's Time we talk about these things

Depression

Globally more than 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression

At its worst depression can lead to suicide 

It has been estimated that by the year 2020, depression will be the leading cause of disability throughout the world. (CDC)

Symptoms
- Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" feelings
- Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
Irritability, restlessness
- Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable
- Fatigue and decreased energy
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions
Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
- Overeating, or appetite loss
- Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
- Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment.


Sexual Assault

1 out of every 6 American women has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in her lifetime (14.8% completed, 2.8% attempted).

Every 98 seconds another American is sexually assaulted.

9 Out of every 10 victims are female.

One in 9 girls and 1 in 53 boys under the age of 18 experience sexual abuse or assault at the hands of an adult.

Among undergraduate students, 23.1% of females and 5.4% of males experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation.

Male college-aged students (18-24) are 78% more likely than non-students of the same age to be a victim of rape or sexual assault.

More than 50% of college sexual assaults occur in either August, September, October, or November.

Only 344 out of every 1,000 sexual assaults are reported to police. That means about 2 out of 3 go unreported.

Source:RAINN


Self injury

Also called self-harm, is the act of deliberately harming your own body, such as cutting or burning yourself. It's typically not meant as a suicide attempt. Rather, self-injury is an unhealthy way to cope with emotional pain, intense anger and frustration. (Mayo Clinic)

Note: Self injury is not for attention rather than a cry for help

Self harm includes: 
• Cutting
• Scratching
• Burning
• Punching self or objects
• Bruising or breaking bones
• Some forms of hair pulling 

Why ones self harm
- Worthlessness
- Vulnerability
- Detachment
- Loneliness
- Failure
- Self hatred
- Guilt
- Anger
- Panic
- Poor functioning at work, school or home
- Not understood by others


Suicide

Almost one million people die from suicide. Mortality rate is of 16 per 100,000, or one death every 40 seconds. In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 60% worldwide.

Suicide is among the three leading causes of death among those aged 15-44 years in some countries, and the second leading cause of death in the 10-24 years age group. (WHO)

About 2/3 of people who complete suicide are depressed at the time surrounding their death. 


Eating Disorder

Eating disorders are a group of serious conditions in which you're so preoccupied with food and weight that you can often focus on little else. The main types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder. (Mayo Clinic) 

In the United States, 20 million women and 10 million men suffer from a clinically significant eating disorder at some time in their life, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or an eating disorder not otherwise specified (NEDA) 
Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder (NEDA) 
Of American, elementary school girls who read magazines, 69% say that the pictures influence their concept of the ideal body shape. 47% say the pictures make them want to lose weight (NEDA) 


Anxiety

A normal reaction to stress and can actually be beneficial in some situations. For some people, however, anxiety can become excessive. While the person suffering may realize their anxiety is too much, they may also have difficulty controlling it and it may negatively affect their day-to-day living. There are a wide variety of anxiety disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder to name a few. Collectively, they are among the most common mental disorders experienced by Americans. (NIMH)


Post-traumatic Stress Disorder 

PTSD develops after a terrifying ordeal that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm. The person who develops PTSD may have been the one who was harmed, the harm may have happened to a loved one, or the person may have witnessed a harmful event that happened to loved ones or strangers. (NIMH)

People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even when they’re no longer in danger. (NIMH)


Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. They are different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through from time to time. Bipolar disorder symptoms can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. But bipolar disorder can be treated, and people with this illness can lead full and productive lives. (NIMH)

Bipolar disorder often develops in a person's late teens or early adult years. At least half of all cases start before age 25. Some people have their first symptoms during childhood, while others may develop symptoms late in life. (NIMH)


Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior.

Contrary to popular belief, schizophrenia isn't a split personality or multiple personality. The word "schizophrenia" does mean "split mind," but it refers to a disruption of the usual balance of emotions and thinking.

Schizophrenia is a chronic condition, requiring lifelong treatment. (Mayo Clinic)